Prostate Cancer

A Multidisciplinary Team Approach

The urologic cancer specialists at the Tallwood Urology & Kidney Institute treat more prostate cancer cases each year than any other center in Connecticut – as many as 600. They have fellowship training in the most effective treatments for prostate cancer patients and are dedicated to helping patients regain optimum urologic function.

Our urologic oncologists coordinate care from medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, pathologists, radiologists and clinical research nurses. They provide comprehensive care for prostate cancer patients, from surgery and radiation treatments to pathology analysis and active surveillance of PSA levels.

Prostate cancer patients also benefit from biofeedback and other integrative therapies, educational seminars and patient support groups. We make sure patients and their families know what to expect during treatment and at home.

To make it easier for you to consult with various specialists about your care plan, our Multidisciplinary Prostate Cancer Virtual Visits draw them together for one convenient visit you can do virtually from your home.

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Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

Most men don’t know they have prostate cancer until it is found during a medical exam. It doesn't cause symptoms in its early stages. When problems are noticed, they are most often related to urination. Patients may also have difficulty having an erection, may have blood in the urine or semen, and have deep and frequent pain in the lower back, belly, hip or pelvis.


Treatments for Prostate Cancer

Each patient’s treatment is tailored to the aggressiveness of their cancer. Non-aggressive prostate cancer can be monitored through active surveillance, with semiannual followups, MRIs and repeat biopsies. For more aggressive cases, treatments may include surgery, radiation therapy, hormonal therapy and chemotherapy.

Brachytherapy Treatment

Brachytherapy is an important breakthrough in treating prostate cancer. With brachytherapy, selectively controlled radiation doses are applied within the prostate. Radioactive seeds implanted in the prostate gland emit low-dose radiation to treat the tumor.

In some cases, prostate cancer patients are treated with temporary brachytherapy to spare the urethra from radiation damage. Highly radioactive seeds can be delivered to the tumor for as little as a fraction of a second using a catheter system controlled by advanced computer technologies.

New 3-D conformal radiation therapy or Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) is another intensely accurate radiation treatment. It directs radiation precisely to the prostate cancer and minimizes radiation damage to surrounding healthy tissue.

High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU)

HIFU technology ablates prostate tissue by focusing high-intensity ultrasound waves on the affected area, causing localized heating that destroys the cells in the gland without damaging the healthy surrounding tissue. The real-time imaging allows for precise local ablation in one session under general anesthesia, repeatable, if necessary, with a low risk of side effects.

At the end of the procedure, a temporary urinary catheter will be placed in order to limit the risk of urinary retention due to the temporary swelling. You will be discharged and can return home rapidly after the end of the procedure. The catheter will be removed at the first follow-up visit just a few days later. Typical follow-up will include prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing at three months, six months and one year, as well as an MRI image and potential follow-up biopsies at one year to evaluate the result.

Hormonal Therapy for Prostate Cancer

Hormonal therapy works by stopping the body from producing testosterone, which allows both normal prostate cells and prostate cancer cells to function. It’s different from chemotherapy, which destroys the cancer systemically.

Robotic Surgery for Prostate Cancer (Robotic Prostatectomies)

Our surgeons pioneered robotic prostate surgery, guiding their surgical instruments through small incisions using remarkably precise robotic arms. With a three-dimensional computerized view of even the smallest surgical field, surgeons use exacting precision to preserve sexual function and continence. Patients also benefit from less blood loss and faster recovery times.

Radical Prostatectomy and Post-Prostatectomy

After a radical prostatectomy, which removes the prostate gland and surrounding tissue, you might experience urinary incontinence. The Post-Prostatectomy Rehabilitation program at Hartford HealthCare’s Tallwood Urology & Kidney Institute uses the latest diagnostic tools and therapeutic technologies for a prompt diagnosis and treatment plan.

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Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer

Most new prostate cancers are discovered in men over the age of 65. Being older than 50 is the main risk factor for prostate cancer. If you have a family history of prostate cancer, you are at greater risk of developing the disease. If your father or brother had prostate cancer, your risk is doubled. Men whose families carry the gene changes that cause breast cancer, BRCA1 or BRCA2, are also thought to be at increased risk for prostate cancer.

Prostate cancer is more common among African American men, who also have a greater chance of getting the kind of prostate cancer that grows and spreads.

Men who live in countries where people eat more red meat and fats are more likely to be diagnosed with and die from prostate cancer, according to some studies. Eating more lycopene, found in tomatoes and beets, may reduce the risk.


How Prostate Cancer is Diagnosed

Prostate cancer is diagnosed with a thorough exam that includes family and medical history and a simple blood test for PSA (prostate specific antigen). If any irregularities are felt on the prostate gland and/or if your PSA blood levels are elevated, suspicious areas may require a needle biopsy. This is a painless procedure, guided by ultrasound, that does not require anesthesia. If tumor cells are found on biopsy, further diagnostic tests may include a bone scan, CT scan and MRI to find out if the cancer has spread and to evaluate bones, lymph nodes or tissues near the prostate gland.

The Tallwood Institute also uses specialized MRI-US fusion equipment for the most accurate biopsy of areas of the prostate suspicious for prostate cancer and identify disease progression. Fusing ultrasound and MRI technologies, MRI-US fusion provides a precise diagnosis and creates a 3-D image of the entire biopsy area. This means patients get a treatment plan created with a greater level of confidence than traditional biopsy techniques can provide.

With traditional biopsies, there is some uncertainty as to exactly what tissue is being extracted. In fact, 23 percent of men with a negative biopsy actually have prostate cancer.

MRI-US-Fusion Biopsy Guide

MRI-US fusion also means that patients on active surveillance, whose prostate cancer does not yet require treatment, can be monitored with greater accuracy.


Prostate Cancer Resources


Meet our Urologic Oncologists:

David Ahlborn

4.9

Urologic Oncology

Medical Group Tallwood Urology & Kidney Institute at St. Vincent's Medical Center
Bridgeport, CT 06606
More Locations
Wilton, CT 06897
Milford, CT 06461
Ryan Dorin

4.9

Urology

Medical Group Tallwood Urology & Kidney Institute
Medical Arts Building
Plainville, CT 06062
More Locations
Bristol, CT 06010
Meriden, CT 06451
Eric Katz

4.8

Urology

Medical Group Tallwood Urology & Kidney Institute at Hartford Hospital
Hartford, CT 06106
More Locations
Farmington, CT 06032
West Hartford, CT 06107
Avon, CT 06001
Stuart Kesler

4.9

Urology

Medical Group Tallwood Urology & Kidney Institute
Avon, CT 06001
More Locations
Farmington, CT 06032
Hartford, CT 06106
Anoop Meraney

4.9

Urology

Medical Group Tallwood Urology & Kidney Institute at Hartford Hospital
Hartford, CT 06106
More Locations
Manchester, CT 06042
Avon, CT 06001
Glastonbury, CT 06033
Steven Shichman

4.9

Urology

Medical Group Tallwood Urology & Kidney Institute at Hartford Hospital
Hartford, CT 06106
More Locations
Avon, CT 06001
Michael Siev

4.9

Urology

Medical Group Tallwood Urology & Kidney Institute
Enfield, CT 06082
More Locations
Manchester, CT 06040
Joseph Wagner

4.9

Urology

Medical Group Tallwood Men's Health
Farmington, CT 06032
More Locations
Manchester, CT 06042
Hartford, CT 06106

Meet our Medical Oncologists:

Brian Byrne

4.9

Medical Oncology

Medical Group Hartford HealthCare Cancer Institute - Southington
Southington, CT 06489
More Locations
Bristol, CT 06010
Plainville, CT 06062
New Britain, CT 06053
Southington, CT 06489
Jeffrey Kamradt

5

Hematology / Oncology

Medical Group Hartford HealthCare Cancer Institute at Hartford Hospital
Hartford, CT 06106
More Locations
Hartford, CT 06106
Avon, CT 06001
Manchester, CT 06042
Michael Kane

4.9

Medical Oncology

Medical Group Hartford HealthCare Cancer Institute - Waterford
Waterford, CT 06385
More Locations
Plainfield, CT 06374
Glen Reznikoff

4.9

Medical Oncology

Medical Group Hartford HealthCare Cancer Institute at St. Vincent’s Medical Center
Fairfield, CT 06824
More Locations
Bridgeport, CT 06606

Meet our Radiation Oncologists:

Adriana Blakaj

 

Radiation Oncology

Hartford Radiation Oncology Associates, PC
Hartford Hospital Gray Cancer Center
Hartford, CT 06106
Timothy Boyd

 

Radiation Oncology

Hartford Radiation Oncology Associates, PC
Hartford Hospital Gray Cancer Center
Hartford, CT 06106
Ahmed Chaudhary

 

Radiation Oncology

Hartford HealthCare Cancer Institute at Backus Hospital
Norwich, CT 06360
Robert Dowsett

 

Radiation Oncology

Hartford Radiation Oncology Associates, PC
Hartford Hospital Gray Cancer Center
Hartford, CT 06106
Christopher Iannuzzi

0

Radiation Oncology

Medical Group Hartford HealthCare Cancer Institute at St. Vincent's Medical Center
Bridgeport, CT 06606
Susan Kim

 

Radiation Oncology

Hartford HealthCare Cancer Institute at Backus Hospital
Norwich, CT 06360
Allan Kratzer

 

Radiation Oncology

MidState Medical Center
Meriden, CT 06451
Kenneth Leopold

 

Radiation Oncology

Hartford Radiation Oncology Associates, PC
Hartford Hospital Gray Cancer Center
Hartford, CT 06106

Meet our Urologists:

Jared Bieniek

4.8

Urology

Medical Group Tallwood Men's Health
Farmington, CT 06032
More Locations
Fairfield, CT 06824
Glastonbury, CT 06033
Johnny Chang

 

Urology

Charlotte Hungerford Hospital Adult & Pediatric Urology
Torrington, CT 06790
David Crawley

4.8

Urology

Medical Group Tallwood Men’s Health
Waterford, CT 06385
More Locations
Norwich, CT 06360
James DeVanney

 

Urology

Charlotte Hungerford Hospital Adult & Pediatric Urology
Torrington, CT 06790
Anthony DiStefano

4.9

Urology

Medical Group Tallwood Urology & Kidney Institute
Manchester, CT 06040
John Griffith

4.9

Urology

Medical Group Hartford HealthCare Medical Group
Southington, CT 06489
More Locations
Plainville, CT 06062
Eric Katz

4.8

Urology

Medical Group Tallwood Urology & Kidney Institute at Hartford Hospital
Hartford, CT 06106
More Locations
Farmington, CT 06032
West Hartford, CT 06107
Avon, CT 06001
Richard Kershen

4.7

Urology

Medical Group Tallwood Urology & Kidney Institute
West Hartford, CT 06107
Cynthia Leung

4.8

Urology

Medical Group Tallwood Urology & Kidney Institute
Avon, CT 06001
More Locations
Glastonbury, CT 06033
Brian McLeod

4.9

Urology

Medical Group Backus Center for Specialty Care - Urology
Plainfield, CT 06374
Keith O'Brien

4.8

Urology

Medical Group Tallwood Urology & Kidney Institute at St. Vincent's Medical Center
Bridgeport, CT 06606
More Locations
Milford, CT 06461
Fairfield, CT 06824
Paul Pyo

4.9

Urology

Medical Group Tallwood Urology & Kidney Institute at MidState Medical Center
Meriden, CT 06451
More Locations
Cheshire, CT 06410
Jeffrey Ranta

4.7

Urology

Medical Group Tallwood Urology & Kidney Institute at St. Vincent's Medical Center
Bridgeport, CT 06606
More Locations
Wilton, CT 06897
Stamford, CT 06905
David Rosenberg

4.9

Urology

Medical Group Tallwood Urology & Kidney Institute
Manchester, CT 06040
Brandon Stahl

4.9

Urologic Oncology

Medical Group Tallwood Urology & Kidney Institute
Norwich, CT 06360
Joshua Stein

4.8

Urology

Medical Group Tallwood Urology & Kidney Institute
Manchester, CT 06040
More Locations
Avon, CT 06001
Arthur Tarantino

4.9

Urology

Medical Group Tallwood Urology & Kidney Institute
Gateway Medical Office Park - South
Glastonbury, CT 06033
More Locations
Farmington, CT 06032
Jonathan Telsey

4.8

Urologic Surgery

Medical Group Tallwood Urology & Kidney Institute
Norwich, CT 06360
More Locations
Waterford, CT 06385
Kenneth Weisman

4.8

Urology

Medical Group Hartford HealthCare Medical Group
Thomaston, CT 06787
More Locations
Plainville, CT 06062
Bristol, CT 06010
Jean Wong

4.8

Urology

Medical Group Tallwood Urology & Kidney Institute
Norwich, CT 06360

Tallwood Urology & Kidney Institute