Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is relatively uncommon, affecting only one in 250 males in their lifetime, usually between the ages of 15 and 35. Fortunately, it is highly treatable with excellent outcomes for most men.

The Testicular Cancer Program at the Hartford HealthCare Cancer Institute offers nationally recognized treatment as well as access to the latest protocols through our membership in the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Alliance, which includes many of the country's premier cancer centers. 

We also collaborate closely with colleagues at the Tallwood Urology & Kidney Institute to offer men with testicular cancer advanced surgical techniques that preserve fertility and quality of life.


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Symptoms of Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is usually found in one testicle when men feel a lump or a sensation of heaviness in the scrotum. Other symptoms may include a dull ache or pain in the area, or in the back. Sometimes testicular cancer can cause tender or enlarged breasts.

If you experience any of these symptoms, do not delay care. Our highly trained team is here to help.


Diagnosing Testicular Cancer

If a lump is detected, the doctor will typically order:

  • An ultrasound of the scrotum and testicles
  • Blood tests to identify tumor marker levels
  • CT scans of the abdomen, chest and pelvis to identify if the cancer has spread

Treating Testicular Cancer

In treating testicular cancer, our experts turn to:

  • Surgery: Removing the cancerous testicle and nearby lymph nodes, if needed, ensures the cancer does not spread. The goal is to spare as much healthy tissue as possible to avoid nerve damage that could cause trouble ejaculating. This is a routine procedure with excellent outcomes.
  • Radiation and chemotherapy: Recommended after the testicle is removed. If the cancer spread to other organs, chemotherapy is required. Like radiation, chemotherapy for testicular cancer often causes infertility, so sperm preservation techniques should be considered.


Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Alliance

We offer the latest treatments through our ongoing membership in the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Alliance, which gives you access to the latest standards of care and clinical trials.

The MSK Alliance

Support at the Cancer Institute

The Cancer Institute offers whatever you and your family need on your journey, whether it’s access to an oncology social worker, a nurse navigator to coordinate your care or the support of our Patient and Family Resource Center.

Hartford HealthCare Cancer Institute