Degenerative Disc Disease

Degenerative disc disease is caused by wear-and-tear on a spinal disc. The condition can cause weakness, numbness, and hot, shooting pains in the arms or legs. Degenerative disc disease typically consists of a low-level chronic pain with intermittent episodes of more severe pain.  Painful disc degeneration is common in the neck (cervical spine) and lower back.


Spondylolisthesis occurs when one bone vertebra in the back slides forward over the bone below it, most commonly in the lower spine. In some cases, the condition may cause the spinal cord or nerve roots to be compressed causing back pain and numbness or weakness in one or both legs. In rare cases, it can also lead to losing control over your bladder or bowels.

Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is the narrowing of the bone channel occupied by the spinal nerves or the spinal cord.  Some people are born with the disorder, but most develop spinal stenosis as a degenerative disorder over their lifetime. While there are some who will not feel the effects of the narrowing, most people will eventually experience symptoms as they age which include radiating pain, weakness, and/or numbness.


Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person's spine has a sideways curve. The curve is usually "S"- or "C"-shaped.  In some the degree of curve is stable, while in others it increases over time. Mild scoliosis does not typically cause problems, while severe cases can interfere with breathing.


Spinal Fusion

Spinal fusion is a surgical procedure that joins two or more vertebrae.  The surgery can be performed at any level of the spine (cervical, thoracic, or lumbar) to prevent movement between the fused vertebrae.  Fusing the vertebrae helps keep the patient from stretching nearby nerves, ligaments, and muscles that may have caused discomfort. Spinal fusion is utilized for several conditions including spinal stenosis, spondylolisthesis, spondylosis, spinal fractures and scoliosis.

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